Dr Carty is the Executive Director of the Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology at the University of Waterloo, Special Advisor to the President on international science and technology collaboration and Research Professor in the Department of Chemistry. From 2004-2008, he served as Canada’s first National Science Advisor to the Prime Minister and to the Government of Canada. Prior to his appointment as National Science Advisor, he was President of the National Research Council Canada (NRC), Canada’s National Laboratory, for ten years (1994-2004). Dr Carty has a PhD in inorganic chemistry from the University of Nottingham. Before joining NRC in 1994, he spent two years at Memorial University and then 27 years at the University of Waterloo where he was successively Professor of Chemistry, Director of the Guelph-Waterloo Centre for Graduate Work in Chemistry, a pioneering joint graduate program, Chair of the Department of Chemistry for two terms and Dean of Research.